Legal Approvals Required to Run a Clinic or Hospital in India

In today’s legal landscape, commencing a private practice as a health care service provider be it a small Clinic, individual practice, diagnostic services, a single specialty hospital or multi-specialty hospital attracts licensing and compliance requirements.  As a first step, before starting a Clinic/ hospital, it is imperative for you to become aware of the various legal requirement.  You can see below a list of the licenses you need, and the basic compliance’s which you should stick to, so you can stay on the right side of the law.  must contact corporate legal advisory services when you start a legal business

These compliance requirements may vary depending on the services you offer.  Say, for example, if you are a dentist with an x-ray machine, then you will need to obtain a registration for using the X-Ray. Similarly, the type of services you deliver typically enhances your own licenses.

See the reference below for different health care services/ speciality and the license under relevant laws:Service License Under: Ultrasound scanning Pre–natal Conception and Pre-natal Diagnostics techniques Act, 1994 Admission of Physicatric Cases Mental Health Act, 1987 Selling Medicines/ Drugs Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940 Transplantation of Human Organs Transplantation of Human Organ Act, 1994 Scan centers having X-RAY, CT, PET-CT etc Atomic Energy Regulatory Bord Blood bank/ Blood Storage Center Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940

Besides the above laws, your clinic/ hospital will also need to adhere to the Clinical Establishment Act, pollution control norms, fire safety norms, and other central and state-specific labor laws.

Here is the list of license you will need for the infrastructure you use for the clinic/ hospital:Approvals relating to the infrastructure:

In order to run a small clinic, you will need a consulting room of a minimum of 100 square feet.  Naturally, depending on the services you render the space requirements also change.  Keep in mind, for each specialty (see the list we have mentioned above) you offer the space requirement will be multiplied and it is governed under the respective laws mentioned against each specialty.

The basic approvals required for the Building, if owned by you, is:

  1. Occupancy certificate.
  2. Completion certificate.
  3. Fire NOC, if the building where the clinic/ hospital is established is more than 15 meters tall.

If the building/ space is taken on lease/ rent, then you will need a Lease deed/ rent agreement, which shall be renewed on expiry of the lease.  Also, ensure that the owner has obtained the above-mentioned approvals for the building.Clinical Registration:

Irrespective of whether you are a small single practitioner Clinic or a multi-specialty hospital, you need a registration certificate under Clinical Establishments (Registration and Regulation) Act, 2010. Each state has passed its own rules, and accordingly, the procedure followed for obtaining the license also varies.


Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Related Posts