The Making of the Katana Sword
Katana Sword is a sword of Japanese culture that symbolizes the very essence of samurai warrior spirit. Its unique design allows it to handle both slashing and thrusting moves, making it ideal for mounted or on-foot combat. Its handle, tsuka, and saya (sheath) can be as simple or intricate as the owner wishes, and are often engraved with the names of Shinto and Buddhist gods and mantra, a tribute to its samurai owners’ religious beliefs. The process of katana making is much more than just metalwork; it is a sacred art that is deeply rooted in the Japanese cultural and spiritual beliefs and refined over centuries.
Forging a katana starts with high-quality steel known as tamahagane, made by heating iron sand and charcoal in a clay tatara furnace. The raw steel is then hammered and folded multiple times to create a layered impression in the metal called ‘nakago’, which defines its length and shape. The ‘Hirachi’ (blade side) and ‘Shinogichi’ (ridge line) are then struck and formed using a light hammer, called ‘Kozuchi’.
After the nakago is completed, it is heated again to harden the blade. This is a crucial step in the katana’s development, as it determines whether or not the blade will break under sudden stress, like when a samurai beheads himself during the ritualistic suicide of seppuku. By combining a hard, sharp edge with a softer spine, a katana is designed to resist breaking even under compression. buy the katana here